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Efficacy and Safety of Approximately 3 Years of Continuous Ozanimod in Moderately to Severely Active Ulcerative Colitis: Interim Analysis of the True North Open-label Extension

Authors
  • Danese, Silvio;
  • Panaccione, Remo;
  • Abreu, Maria T;
  • Rubin, David T;
  • Ghosh, Subrata;
  • Dignass, Axel;
  • Afzali, Anita;
  • Wolf, Douglas C;
  • Chiorean, Michael;
  • Vermeire, Severine; 3938;
  • Jain, Anjali;
  • Charles, Lorna;
  • Lawlor, Garrett;
  • Osterman, Mark T;
  • Wu, Hsiuanlin;
  • Canavan, James B;
  • Petersen, Annkatrin;
  • Colombel, Jean-Frederic;
  • Regueiro, Miguel;
Publication Date
Feb 26, 2024
Source
Lirias
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: This interim analysis from the True North open-label extension [OLE] study examines efficacy and safety of approximately 3 years of continuous ozanimod treatment in patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis. METHODS: Clinical responders after 52 weeks of ozanimod during the phase 3 True North study, who continued treatment in the OLE, were evaluated. Efficacy, including endoscopic and histological endpoints, was assessed during the OLE for approximately 2 additional years through OLE Week 94, using observed case [OC] and nonresponder imputation [NRI] analyses. Adverse events were monitored from True North baseline through OLE data cutoff and expressed as exposure-adjusted incidence rates. RESULTS: This analysis included 131 patients; 54% had achieved corticosteroid-free remission at True North Week 52. In OC analyses, clinical response, clinical remission, and corticosteroid-free remission were achieved by 91.4%, 69.1%, and 67.9% of patients, respectively, at OLE Week 94 [146 weeks of total treatment]. Similarly, endoscopic improvement, histological remission, and mucosal healing were achieved by 73.3%, 67.3%, and 56.3% of patients, respectively, at OLE Week 94. Efficacy rates were lower using NRI analyses, but maintenance of efficacy was demonstrated through OLE Week 94. No new safety signals emerged from this analysis. Serious infections, malignancy, cardiovascular events, and hepatic events occurred infrequently. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients who achieved clinical response after 1 year of ozanimod treatment during True North, a high percentage sustained clinical and mucosal efficacy over 2 additional years in the OLE. No new safety signals were observed with long-term ozanimod use. / status: published

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