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The Efficacy of Physical Activity for Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Authors
  • Seiffer, Britta1, 2
  • Hautzinger, Martin1
  • Ulrich, Rolf3
  • Wolf, Sebastian1, 2
  • 1 University of Tuebingen, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Tuebingen, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 2 University of Tuebingen, Department of Education & Health Research, Tuebingen, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 3 University of Tuebingen, Department of Cognition and Perception, Tuebingen, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Attention Disorders
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2022
Volume
26
Issue
5
Pages
656–673
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/10870547211017982
PMID: 34041952
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the efficacy of regular, moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). RCTs including children and adolescents with clinically diagnosed ADHD, implementing regular MVPA, and assessing ADHD core-symptoms on a valid rating scale post-intervention (primary outcome) were included. Outcomes were pooled through random-effects meta-analysis. Prospero registration: CRD42019142166. MVPA had a small effect on total ADHD core symptoms (n = 11; g = -0.33; 95% CI [-0.63; -0.02]; p = .037). MVPA could serve as an alternative treatment for ADHD. New RCTs are necessary to increase the understanding of the effect regarding frequency, intensity, type of MVPA interventions, and differential effects on age groups.

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