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Efficacy of a new angioplasty catheter for severely narrowed coronary lesions.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
0735-1097
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
12
Issue
3
Pages
694–702
Identifiers
PMID: 2969929
Source
Medline

Abstract

Conventional over the wire dilation catheters may be unsuccessful in crossing coronary lesions that are severely narrowed. Hence, a new, extremely low profile coronary angioplasty catheter specifically designed to dilate such lesions was investigated. The catheter features a 2.0, 2.5 or 3.0 mm (inflated diameter) balloon mounted on a guide wire. The deflated profile of the 2.0 mm balloon measures 0.020 +/- 0.001 in. (0.51 +/- 0.03 mm). The catheter can be used in conjunction with 7F angiographic or 8F guide catheters. The catheter was used in 61 patients, aged 43 to 86 years, with predominantly Canadian Cardiovascular Society class III-IV angina. Dilation was attempted in 77 lesions. Lesion length averaged 5.7 +/- 3.1 mm (mean +/- 1 SD), minimal diameter 0.51 +/- 0.25 mm and internal vessel diameter 2.27 +/- 0.43 mm. Sixty lesions (78%) were successfully dilated to less than 50% residual stenosis with this catheter alone; nine lesions were further dilated with a larger balloon catheter. The new catheter was unable to cross 13 lesions (17%); only 2 of these lesions were subsequently crossed with a conventional over the wire system. On the other hand, the catheter was used after failure of conventional dilating catheters in 21 lesions and was successful in 16. The new catheter was particularly valuable for distal lesions and those demonstrating 90 to 99% diameter reduction. For all lesions crossed, stenosis decreased from 76 +/- 11 to 29 +/- 12% after 2.9 +/- 2.7 inflations and peak inflation pressure of 8.0 +/- 2.9 bar. Complications were rare; coronary occlusion occurred in two lesions (3%) and dissection in three lesions (4%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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