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Efficacy and mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine in relieving antibiotic-resistant bacterial diarrhea in children: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

  • Bi, Chao-ran1
  • Jing, Wei2
  • Xie, Xiao-fei2
  • Liu, Yan-jing3
  • 1 Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, 1035 Boshuo Road, Changchun, China , Changchun (China)
  • 2 Children’s Diagnosis and Treatment Center, Affiliated Hospital to ChangChun University of Chinese Medicine, 1478 Gongnong Road, Changchun, China , Changchun (China)
  • 3 Third Affiliated Clinical Hospital to Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, 1643 Jingyue Street, Changchun, China , Changchun (China)
Published Article
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Jun 29, 2021
DOI: 10.1186/s13063-021-05381-8
Springer Nature
  • Study Protocol


BackgroundBacterial infection is an important cause of diarrhea in children, potentially leading to malnutrition, growth and development disorders, and even death. Antibiotic abuse and resistance are widespread problems worldwide, especially in China. We therefore designed a study to evaluate the clinical efficacy and mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine in alleviating the effects of antibiotic resistance in childhood bacterial diarrhea and enhancing the sensitivity of pathogenic bacteria to antibiotics.MethodsThis randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial has completed ChiCTR registration. The trial will randomly divide 120 children who meet the inclusion criteria into three groups: experimental group 1 (basic treatment + Gegen Qinlian decoction granules + Erbai drink placebo), experimental group 2 (basic treatment + Erbai drink granules + Gegen Qinlian decoction placebo), and control group (basic treatment + Gegen Qinlian decoction placebo + Erbai drink placebo). The main efficacy indicators will be antibiotic use rate and clinical cure rate, and the secondary efficacy indicators will be time to antibiotic intervention, effective rate, and course of treatment determined after 5 days. The following physical and chemical indicators will be measured: routine blood parameters, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, electrocardiogram, liver and kidney function, electrolytes, routine urinalysis, routine stool analysis, and stool culture (including drug sensitivity).DiscussionThe results of this study may provide an objective clinical basis for the use of traditional Chinese medicine in managing antibiotic-resistant bacterial diarrhea in children, formulating relevant guidelines, and demonstrating the use of traditional Chinese medicine for reducing the use of antibiotics.Trial registrationChinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR1900027915. Last refreshed on December 4, 2019.

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