BackgroundPeanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is considered one of the most important legume and oil crops in Egypt. Root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne spp. is the most damaging nematodes of peanut. Losses can exceed 50% in severely infested soil. Application of nematicides is one of the primary strategies in controlling plant-parasitic nematodes. The nematicides are proven to be hazardous to the environment. A promising alternative is the use of microorganisms antagonistic to plant-parasitic nematodes. Some microorganisms that can grow in the rhizosphere such as Azotobacter and Bacillus bacteria and fungi, e.g., Tricoderma and Paecilomyces represent the front line of defense for roots against nematode attack and ideal for use as biocontrol agents.ObjectivesThe main aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of application of yeast fungus Saccharomyces cerevisiae singly or combined with fusant Bas 8; (Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and Lysinibacillus sphaericus Amira strain); Bacillus thuringiensis strain code K, Trichoderma harzianum, or Paecilomyces lilacinus to control the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica infecting peanut plant cv. Giza 6, and to estimate their yield under field conditions.ResultsCompared to the untreated control, all treatments exhibited variable potential inhibitory activities against root-knot nematode M. javanica and enhanced peanut yield production. The most nematode suppressive treatment was the single treatment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, followed by T. harzianum either singly or combined with the yeast. Moreover, data indicated that application of the combined treatment of yeast plus T. harzianum gave the best results in improving peanut production, plant growth parameters, and seed nutrient contents.ConclusionIt was concluded that integrated application of microorganisms could enhance peanut production and reduce the need for either chemical fertilizers or nematicides.