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Effects of xylitol and fluoride on the response to glucose pulses of Streptococcus mutans T8 growing in continuous culture.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Oral microbiology and immunology
Publication Date
Volume
7
Issue
2
Pages
124–126
Identifiers
PMID: 1528632
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Streptococcus mutans T8 was grown glucose-limited at pH 7.0 in a chemostat and pulsed, under pH free-fall conditions, with glucose, xylitol or a mixture of the two. Experiments were conducted in the absence or continual presence of low levels (1 mmol.l-1) of fluoride. Culture filtrates of samples taken at frequent intervals were assayed for carbohydrate and fermentation end-products. Fluoride had little effect on the organism's response to glucose until the culture pH fell to ca. 5.0, at which point the rate of lactate production was reduced some 3-fold. Xylitol affected the response to glucose but its effect was most marked in the presence of fluoride. Under these conditions, the rate of lactate production was reduced at least 3-fold, the pH did not fall to 5.0 and only about 50% of the added glucose was consumed. This suggests that xylitol can augment the metabolic effects on S. mutans of low levels of fluoride.

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