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Effects of vasopressin on haemodynamics in portal hypertensive rats receiving clonidine.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Liver
Publication Date
Volume
14
Issue
1
Pages
45–49
Identifiers
PMID: 8177029
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The effects of clonidine, vasopressin or a combination of both substances on splanchnic and systemic haemodynamics were measured in conscious rats with portal vein stenosis. Clonidine alone significantly decreased portal pressure, portal tributary blood flow and cardiac index, but did not change arterial pressure. Vasopressin alone significantly increased arterial pressure and significantly decreased portal pressure, portal tributary blood flow and cardiac index. Changes in portal tributary blood flow, arterial pressure and cardiac index were significantly higher with vasopressin than with clonidine alone. Vasopressin infusion in rats pretreated with clonidine significantly increased arterial pressure and significantly decreased portal pressure, portal tributary blood flow and cardiac index. Changes in arterial and portal pressures and portal tributary blood flow were significantly higher with combined therapy than with clonidine alone. Changes in arterial and portal pressures and portal tributary blood flow did not differ between combined therapy and vasopressin alone. Changes in cardiac index were significantly higher with combined therapy than with clonidine or vasopressin alone. Hepatic artery blood flow was not affected by either clonidine or vasopressin but significantly declined with combined therapy. In conclusion, this study suggests that a combination of vasopressin and clonidine accentuates the portal hypotensive action of clonidine but not the action of vasopressin. Moreover, this study suggests that a combination of vasopressin and clonidine may have deleterious effects on systemic and hepatic artery vascular beds.

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