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Effects of using lubricant during the speculum examination for Pap smear collection.

Authors
  • Nunes, Rodrigo Dias1, 2
  • Cascaes, Maisa1
  • Schneider, Ione Jayce Ceola2
  • Traebert, Jefferson2
  • 1 Faculty of Medicine, University of Southern Santa Catarina at Palhoça, Santa Catarina, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 2 Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, University of Southern Santa Catarina at Palhoça, Santa Catarina, Brazil. , (Brazil)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Diagnostic Cytopathology
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2018
Volume
46
Issue
12
Pages
1040–1044
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/dc.24069
PMID: 30284399
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To evaluate the effect of using lubricant during speculum examination for Pap smear collection. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 83 patients attending a medical school clinic. Participants were allocated into two groups: Group 1-Lubricant using; Group 2-No lubricant using. All patients were submitted to two successive collections and after were asked about their level of discomfort. Differences between groups regarding quality, artifacts, cytology, and level of discomfort were observed through chi-squared test. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were also estimated. Statistical significance was set at P < .05. No significant differences between groups regarding quality, presence of artifacts, and cytological results were observed. Significant lower discomfort level in Group 1 (lubricant using). The use of vaginal lubricant did not affect the results of cytology and could be a useful tool to reduce the discomfort during Pap smear collection. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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