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Effects of undegradable protein and supplemental fat on milk yield and composition and physiological responses of cows.

Authors
  • Tomlinson, A P
  • Van Horn, H H
  • Wilcox, C J
  • Harris, B Jr
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of dairy science
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1994
Volume
77
Issue
1
Pages
145–156
Identifiers
PMID: 8120183
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Because some previous studies indicated that addition of dietary fat may delay milk yield response and that effects carry over after withdrawal, an objective of this reversal design with four 28-d periods was to estimate residual effects. Diets were fed 2 wk before period 1 to permit inclusion of pretreatment diet in the mathematical model and changed for each of 33 cows at the start of periods 1 through 3; period 4 treatments continued those for period 3. Diets were 50% corn silage supplemented to be 12% CP with soybean meal and urea; 15% CP with soybean meal, blood and soybean meals, or feather and soybean meals; and 18% CP with soybean meal or blood and soybean meals. Protein treatments were replicated in diets containing 2.0% Ca soaps of fatty acids. No carry-over effects were significant; however, yield increases from Ca soaps were not evident until wk 4. Diet CP had a positive linear effect on milk and SCM yields, BW, and blood urea N. Milk protein percentage was higher from soybean meal diets. Addition of dietary Ca soaps of fatty acids increased milk, protein, fat, and SCM yields. Milk protein percentage was depressed when Ca soaps of fatty acids were fed with blood meal but not with soybean meal. No positive responses were observed from increasing dietary undegradable protein with blood meal or feather meal.

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