The effects of the stimulus duration (10 to 300 ms) on the responses of chinchilla inferior colliculus neurons to pure tones were studied in 41 units. The responses of the majority of the neurons (90%) were classified as sustained, onset, pause with onset peak and pause without onset peak response patterns. Three neurons were found to have response to the stimulus offset (offset response pattern). One neuron responded to the sound with the decrease of the spontaneous discharge rate (inhibitory response pattern). The responses restricted within the stimulus duration could be simply predicted from the peristimulus time histogram (PSTH) to the longer duration. The leading part of the PSTH to the longer stimulus duration resembled that to the shorter stimulus duration. The function of the spike number versus duration was correlated with the PSTH patterns. The response following the stimulus offset (including inhibitory response) could vary with the stimulus duration nonmonotonically and show a band-pass or band-reject property. Overall, four (about 10%) of the neurons could be regarded as duration-tuned units. The duration selectivity could be understood by the interaction between the ongoing and the offset process of the neurons.