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Effects of skin moisturizer on the skin barrier dysfunction model: An evaluation of the heel via tape-stripping in healthy, young adults.

Authors
  • Mukai, Kanae1
  • Ogai, Kazuhiro1
  • Ishino, Sayaka2
  • Kamijo, Shiona2
  • Kurata, Fuka2
  • Sugitani, Ayano2
  • Tachibana, Wakaba2
  • Nishiyama, Ami2
  • Fukuyama, Akira2
  • Wada, Kotono2
  • Yamaguchi, Mayuko2
  • Sugama, Junko3
  • 1 Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan. , (Japan)
  • 2 Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, College of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan. , (Japan)
  • 3 Advanced Health Care Science Research Unit, Innovative Integrated Bio-Research Core, Institute for Science Initiative, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of tissue viability
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2021
Volume
30
Issue
3
Pages
439–445
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtv.2021.02.002
PMID: 33632568
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study seeks to establish the skin barrier dysfunction model at the heel via tape-stripping (TS) by evaluating the skin moisturizing effects. Nineteen young, female participated in the study. A sequence of TS was performed at the heel and trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL), stratum corneum (SC) hydration, and surface pH were measured. Following TS, the subjects were divided into three groups: moisturizer, emollient, and overcoat. These agents were applied daily at night, and the skin parameters were measured the next morning for a week. The TEWL value of TS immediately and 5 min after TS were significantly higher than what was obtained before TS, while the SC hydration after TS was significantly lower than what was obtained before TS. However, there were no significant differences in the skin parameters among the three agents on day 7 after application, with the two-way ANOVA showing no interaction among the agents and number of days. The skin barrier dysfunction model at the heel was established by TS in healthy, young adults. However, the physiological function of the skin at the heel did not change drastically and showed no differences even after continuous application for 7 days. Copyright © 2021 Tissue Viability Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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