Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Effects of polyphosphates and orthophosphate on the dissolution and transformation of ZnO nanoparticles.

Authors
  • Wan, Biao1
  • Yan, Yupeng1
  • Tang, Yuanzhi2
  • Bai, Yuge1
  • Liu, Fan1
  • Tan, Wenfeng1
  • Huang, Qiaoyun1
  • Feng, Xionghan3
  • 1 Key Laboratory of Arable Land Conservation (Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtze River), Ministry of Agriculture, College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China. , (China)
  • 2 School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, 311 Ferst Dr, Atlanta, GA 30324-0340, USA. , (Georgia)
  • 3 Key Laboratory of Arable Land Conservation (Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtze River), Ministry of Agriculture, College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China. Electronic address: [email protected] , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Chemosphere
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2017
Volume
176
Pages
255–265
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.02.134
PMID: 28273533
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The fate and toxicity of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) in nature are affected by solution chemistry such as pH, anions, and natural organic matter (NOM). Inorganic polyphosphates are environmentally ubiquitous phosphorus (P) species that may change the speciation and environmental fate of ZnO NPs. In this study, the interactions of polyphosphates with ZnO NPs and the impacts on ZnO NP dissolution and transformation were investigated and compared with orthophosphate (P1). The results revealed that pyrophosphate (P2), tripolyphosphate (P3), and hexametaphosphate (P6) enhanced whereas P1 inhibited the dissolution of ZnO NPs. In addition, P1, P2, and P3 promoted the transformation of ZnO NPs into zinc phosphate (Zn-P) precipitates via interactions with dissolved Zn2+. However, P6-promoted ZnO NP dissolution was through the formation of soluble Zn-P complexes due to the strong capability of P6 to chelate with Zn2+. The transformation of ZnO NPs in the presence of P3 was affected by reaction time, pH, and P/Zn molar ratio. P3 first formed inner-sphere surface complexes on ZnO NPs, which gradually transformed into crystalline Zn2HP3O10(H2O)6 precipitates. This study provided a new perspective for understanding the reactivity of various forms of inorganic phosphate species with ZnO NPs in the natural environment. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times