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The Effects of Physiological Flow Waveform on Wall Shear Stress in Carotid Bifurcation Model

Authors
  • Liu, Bin1
  • Liu, Xin-yue1
  • Ding, Zu-rong1
  • 1 Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Department of Engineering Mechanics, Shanghai, 200240, China , Shanghai (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Hydrodynamics
Publisher
Springer Singapore
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2009
Volume
21
Issue
5
Pages
669–674
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/S1001-6058(08)60198-5
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Numerical models of carotid bifurcation were constructed using a combination of tuning-fork bifurcation and straight or curved common carotid. The different inlet velocity profiles of the common carotid were generated for Bloch flow waveform and Holdsworth flow waveform, respectively. The effects of the different flow waveform for the common carotid on Wall Shear Stress (WSS) and Oscillatory Shear Index (OSI) of carotid bifurcation were studied by CFD method. The results show that the physiological flow waveform of curved common carotid has a significant effect on OSI. In particular, the OSI on the outer walls of carotid sinus and external carotid becomes higher in the inward-curved common carotid for Holdsworth flow waveform. But, in both cases of low WSS and high OSI, the effects of flow waveforms are smaller than those of the curved common carotid. The study reveals that the exact knowledge of the physiological flow waveform, vascular geometry and inlet velocity profile is important for hemodynamic numerical simulation of artery bifurcation.

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