Effects of olive-cake supplementation on fatty acid composition, antioxidant status and lipid and meat-colour stability of Barbarine lambs reared on improved rangeland plus concentrates or indoors with oat hay plus concentrates
- Publication Date
- Jan 01, 2018
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The effects of feeding system (indoor vs rangeland) and olive-cake (OC) supplementation (control vs supplemented) on fatty acid (FA) composition, lipid oxidation status and meat-colour stability were studied. Lambs were fed indoor with hay (OH) or reared on improved rangeland (RL). All lambs received concentrate at a rate of 400 g/head. day. Twenty-four 6-month-old Barbarine lambs with an average weight of 24.3 1.1 kg were assigned into the following four groups: OH without OC, OH with OC, RL without OC and RL with OC. Supplemented groups received 280 g/day of OC. Lambs were reared for ~3 months and then slaughtered at 33 kg. Feeding lambs on rangeland increased proportions of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA, P < 0.05), n-3PUFA(P < 0.01) and long-chain n-3PUFA(P < 0.01) and decreased those of C16:0 and monounsaturated fatty acids (P = 0.052). Higher PUFA : saturated FA (SFA) (P < 0.001) and lower n-6 : n-3 PUFA(P< 0.01) ratios were found forRLlambs. The peroxidisability index was higher (P=0.024) forRLlambs. Whereas, a lower malondialdehyde concentration (P < 0.001) was found for meat of RL group after 5-day storage, because of a higher vitamin E concentration (P < 0.001) and catalase activity (P = 0.002). Moreover, colour was more stable for meat of RL lamb. OC supplementation reduced only superoxide dismutase activity (P = 0.033) and did not have any effect on lipid peroxidation and colour stability.Nointeractions were noted between the feeding systemand olive-cake supplementation. Meat lambs produced on rangeland had a healthier fatty acid composition. Lipids were more stable to oxidation than was meat produced indoor with hay and concentrate.