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Effects of normothermic hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury on the in vivo, isolated perfused liver, and microsomal disposition of chlorzoxazone, a cytochrome P450 2E1 probe, in rats.

Authors
  • Shaik, Imam H1
  • Mehvar, Reza
  • 1 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, Texas 79106, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2011
Volume
100
Issue
12
Pages
5281–5292
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/jps.22708
PMID: 21780121
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In vitro studies have shown that the activities of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes may be altered after hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Here, we investigated the effects of 1 h of partial ischemia, followed by 3 (IR3) or 24 (IR24) h of in vivo reperfusion, on the in vivo, isolated perfused rat liver (IPRL), and microsomal disposition of chlorzoxazone (CZX) and its cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1)-mediated metabolite, 6-hydroxychlorzoxazone (HCZX), in rats. Although IR3 caused a 30% reduction in the in vivo clearance of CZX, the area under the plasma concentration-time curve of HCZX was not affected. IPRL experiments showed that IR3, in addition to a 30% reduction in the clearance of CZX, causes a 70% decrease in the biliary clearance of HCZX. Microsomal data revealed a 50% decline in the intrinsic clearance of HCZX formation due to an IR3-induced significant decline in maximum velocity. Although IR3 did not affect the microsomal CYP2E1 protein, it caused approximately 30% reduction in the cytochrome P450 reductase activity. IR24 did not have any effect on the disposition of CZX or HCZX. In conclusion, metabolism of xenobiotics and endogenous compounds that are substrates for CYP2E1, and possibly other P450 isoenzymes, may be reduced shortly after surgical procedures that require transient interruption of the hepatic blood flow.

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