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Effects of neuromuscular electrostimulation in patients with heart failure admitted to ward

Authors
  • Soares de Araujo, Carlos Jose
  • Goncalves, Fernanda Souza
  • Bittencourt, Hugo Souza
  • Santos, Noelia Goncalves dos
  • Mecca Junior, Sergio Vitor
  • Bandeira Neves, Julio Leal
  • Souza Fernandes, Andre Mauricio
  • Aras Junior, Roque
  • Farias Borges dos Reis, Francisco Jose
  • Guimaraes, Armenio Costa
  • Rodrigues Junior, Erenaldo de Souza
  • Carvalho, Vitor Oliveira
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2012
Source
Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da Universidade de São Paulo (BDPI USP)
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

Background: Neuromuscular electrostimulation has become a promising issue in cardiovascular rehabilitation. However there are few articles published in the literature regarding neuromuscular electrostimulation in patients with heart failure during hospital stay. Methods: This is a randomized controlled pilot trial that aimed to investigate the effect of neuromuscular electrostimulation in the walked distance by the six-minute walking test in 30 patients admitted to ward for heart failure treatment in a tertiary cardiology hospital. Patients in the intervention group performed a conventional rehabilitation and neuromuscular electrostimulation. Patients underwent 60 minutes of electrostimulation (wave frequency was 20 Hz, pulse duration of 20 us) two times a day for consecutive days until hospital discharge. Results: The walked distance in the six-minute walking test improved 75% in the electrostimulation group (from 379.7 +/- 43.5 to 372.9 +/- 46.9 meters to controls and from 372.9 +/- 62.4 to 500 +/- 68 meters to electrostimulation, p<0.001). On the other hand, the walked distance in the control group did not change. Conclusion: The neuromuscular electrostimulation group showed greater improvement in the walked distance in the six-minute walking test in patients admitted to ward for compensation of heart failure.

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