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Effects of metabolic abnormalities, hyperandrogenemia and clomiphene on liver function parameters among Chinese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: results from a randomized controlled trial

Authors
  • Cai, W.-Y.1
  • Gao, J.-S.2
  • Luo, X.1
  • Ma, H.-L.2
  • Ge, H.1
  • Liu, N.1
  • Xia, Q.1
  • Wang, Y.2
  • Han, B.-W.1
  • Wu, X.-K.2
  • 1 Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin, China , Harbin (China)
  • 2 Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, First Affiliated Hospital, Harbin, China , Harbin (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Oct 03, 2018
Volume
42
Issue
5
Pages
549–555
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s40618-018-0953-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

PurposeTo investigate the effects of metabolic abnormalities, hyperandrogenemia and ovulation induction by clomiphene/acupuncture on liver function parameters among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).MethodsThis is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. All 1000 subjects were diagnosed as PCOS by modified Rotterdam criteria. Liver function parameters, metabolic panel and hormone profile were measured at baseline and after treatment. The relationship between liver parameters with metabolic, hormonal parameters and ovulation induction was examined.ResultsPCOS women with metabolic syndrome had higher liver enzyme levels but lower bilirubin and bile acid levels than without. PCOS women with hyperandrogenemia had higher liver enzyme, bilirubin levels than without. Correlation analyses showed that worsening of metabolic parameters was associated with higher liver enzyme levels but lower bilirubin and bile acid levels, while increased androgen levels were associated with higher liver enzyme, bilirubin and bile acid levels. Ovulation induction with clomiphene citrate could decrease bilirubin and bile acid levels, while acupuncture had no obvious effect on liver function.ConclusionsAmong PCOS women, metabolic abnormalities and hyperandrogenemia impaired different liver function parameters. Clomiphene could decrease the bilirubin and bile acid levels while acupuncture had no obvious effect on liver function.

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