In rodents, the display of sexual behavior during proestrus-estrus transition depends on the effect of estradiol and progesterone. Progesterone exerts its effects through intracellular receptor (PR) of which two isoforms (PR-A and PR-B) are found, with different regulation and function. In this study the effects of mating on the expression pattern of PR isoforms in the hypothalamus were investigated during proestrus-estrus transition by using western blot. PR-B isoform content significantly diminished during proestrus-estrus transition both in mated and nonmated female rats. In contrast, PR-A isoform content significantly increases during this period in nonmated rats, whereas it does not change in mated animals. These data show that PR isoforms are differentially expressed throughout proestrus-estrus transition and that mating modifies PR isoforms expression in the hypothalamus of the rat.