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The effects of maternal-child health service utilization on subsequent contraceptive use in Morocco.

Authors
  • Hotchkiss, D R1
  • Magnani, R J
  • Rous, J J
  • Azelmat, M
  • Mroz, T A
  • Heikel, J
  • 1 Tulane University Medical Center, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Department of International Health and Development, New Orleans, LA, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of biosocial science
Publication Date
April 1999
Volume
31
Issue
2
Pages
145–165
Identifiers
PMID: 10333649
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study examined the association between frequency of use of maternal and child health (MCH) services and subsequent contraceptive use (CU) in Morocco. Data were obtained from a 1992 Moroccan Health Survey among 3267 married women with at least 1 live birth and the 1992 Service Availability Module. Analysis was based on full information maximum likelihood estimates and nonparametric, discrete factor strategies. The analysis ignored the possibility that CU can lead to increase MCH use, because few women use contraception before a first birth. Findings indicate that intensity of MCH service use was a statistically significant determinant of subsequent CU. The magnitude of the effect was large. For example, an increase in MCH service use from 2 to 4 would result in an increase of over 71% in contraceptive prevalence, from 32% to 55%. Modern CU would increase from 55% to 65%. Traditional CU would increase from 7% to 19%. Increases were more likely despite controls for individual and household characteristics. Findings do not explain the role of integrated services. Since there are numerous sources of supply, it is likely that counseling and promotion by health facility staff were significant factors. Evidence supports the need to include community-level factors in the analysis, but key community factors remain unmeasured.

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