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Effects of intravenous recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator therapy on the incidence and associations of left ventricular thrombus in patients with a first acute Q wave anterior myocardial infarction.

Authors
  • 1
  • 1 Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University. , (Kuwait)
Type
Published Article
Journal
American Heart Journal
0002-8703
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
122
Issue
5
Pages
1251–1256
Identifiers
PMID: 1659166
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Consecutive survivors of a first Q wave anterior myocardial infarction were studied to observe the impact of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) therapy on the incidence and associations of left ventricular thrombus. Fifty-four patients received rt-PA within 4 hours after the onset of cardiac pain, followed by heparin infusion. Forty-four patients who did not qualify for rt-PA therapy but who were anticoagulated with heparin served as a control group. Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed in all patients on days 3 and 7 to detect thrombi and analyze wall motion. Ejection fraction was determined by radionuclide angiography in all patients on day 7. Apical thrombi were detected on day 3 in three patients (5.5%) who received rt-PA and in eight control patients (18%) (p less than 0.05). All patients with a thrombus had apical dyskinesis and 8 of 11 (73%) had an aneurysm. Of the 87 patients without thrombosis, apical dyskinesis and aneurysm were present in 42 (48%) and 11 (13%) patients, respectively (p less than 0.01). Ejection fractions and wall motion scores of patients without a thrombus were significantly better when compared with data from those with a thrombus. There were fewer patients with apical dyskinesis (17 of 54) in the group receiving rt-PA therapy compared with the control group (36 of 44) (p less than 0.01). Ejection fractions and wall motion scores were better in patients who received rt-PA compared with control subjects (p less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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