Affordable Access

Effects of individual fatty acids on glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis in soleus muscle in vitro.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism
0193-1849
Publisher
American Physiological Society
Publication Date
Volume
279
Issue
3
Identifiers
PMID: 10950825
Source
Medline

Abstract

Soleus muscle strips from Wistar rats were preincubated with palmitate in vitro before the determination of insulin-mediated glucose metabolism in fatty acid-free medium. Palmitate decreased insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis to 51% of control in a time- (0-6 h) and concentration-dependent (0-2 mM) manner. Basal and insulin-stimulated glucose transport/phosphorylation also decreased with time, but the decrease occurred after the effect on glycogen synthesis. Preincubation with 1 mM palmitate, oleate, linoleate, or linolenate for 4 h impaired glycogen synthesis stimulated with a submaximal physiological insulin concentration (300 microU/ml) to 50-60% of the control response, and this reduction was associated with impaired insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of protein kinase B (PKB). Preincubation with different fatty acids (all 1 mM for 4 h) had varying effects on insulin-stimulated glucose transport/phosphorylation, which was decreased by oleate and linoleate, whereas palmitate and linolenate had little effect. Across groups, the rates of glucose transport/phosphorylation correlated with the intramuscular long-chain acyl-CoA content. The similar effects of individual fatty acids on glycogen synthesis but different effects on insulin-stimulated glucose transport/phosphorylation provide evidence that lipids may interact with these two pathways via different mechanisms.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments
F