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Effects of individual fatty acids on glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis in soleus muscle in vitro.

Authors
  • Thompson, A L
  • Lim-Fraser, M Y
  • Kraegen, E W
  • Cooney, G J
Type
Published Article
Journal
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2000
Volume
279
Issue
3
Identifiers
PMID: 10950825
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Soleus muscle strips from Wistar rats were preincubated with palmitate in vitro before the determination of insulin-mediated glucose metabolism in fatty acid-free medium. Palmitate decreased insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis to 51% of control in a time- (0-6 h) and concentration-dependent (0-2 mM) manner. Basal and insulin-stimulated glucose transport/phosphorylation also decreased with time, but the decrease occurred after the effect on glycogen synthesis. Preincubation with 1 mM palmitate, oleate, linoleate, or linolenate for 4 h impaired glycogen synthesis stimulated with a submaximal physiological insulin concentration (300 microU/ml) to 50-60% of the control response, and this reduction was associated with impaired insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of protein kinase B (PKB). Preincubation with different fatty acids (all 1 mM for 4 h) had varying effects on insulin-stimulated glucose transport/phosphorylation, which was decreased by oleate and linoleate, whereas palmitate and linolenate had little effect. Across groups, the rates of glucose transport/phosphorylation correlated with the intramuscular long-chain acyl-CoA content. The similar effects of individual fatty acids on glycogen synthesis but different effects on insulin-stimulated glucose transport/phosphorylation provide evidence that lipids may interact with these two pathways via different mechanisms.

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