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Effects of Ilex paraguariensis A. St. Hil. (yerba mate) on herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 replication.

Authors
  • Lückemeyer, Débora D
  • Müller, Vanessa D M
  • Moritz, Maria Izabel G
  • Stoco, Patricia H
  • Schenkel, Eloir P
  • Barardi, Célia R M
  • Reginatto, Flávio H
  • Simões, Cláudia M O
Type
Published Article
Journal
Phytotherapy Research
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2012
Volume
26
Issue
4
Pages
535–540
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/ptr.3590
PMID: 21915933
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The antiherpes effects of the crude extract obtained from Ilex paraguariensis leaves (yerba mate) and their purified fractions were investigated. The most active fraction was selected and assayed to determine the viral multiplication steps upon which it acted. In order to detect the major components of this fraction, thin layer chromatography (TLC) analysis was performed. The antiviral activity was evaluated against HSV-1 and HSV-2 by a viral plaque number reduction assay (IC(50) ) and the cytotoxicity by a MTT assay (CC(50) ). According to the obtained results, all tested samples showed antiherpes activity at noncytotoxic concentrations, and the ethyl acetate fraction was the most active (SI = CC(50) /IC(50)  = 188.7 and 264.7 for HSV-1 and HSV-2, respectively). The results also demonstrated that this fraction exerts antiviral activity by the reduction of viral infectivity, the inhibition of virus entry into cells and cell-to-cell virus spread, as well as by the impaired levels of ICP27, ICP4, gD and gE proteins of HSV-1. The TLC analysis showed that this fraction contains monodesmosidic triterpenoid saponins, matesaponin-1 (a bidesmosidic one), caffeic and chlorogenic acids and rutin, which suggests that they could act synergistically and be responsible for the detected antiherpes activity.

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