The H2-antagonists famotidine and nizatidine produced a dose-dependent inhibition of histamine release from human colonic mucosal and muscle mast cells stimulated with anti-IgE. The IC30 values were in the range 0.5-10 microM and the maximum inhibition approached 50%. The compounds showed similar efficacy against rat peritoneal mast cells but were more potent. The cytoprotectant misoprostol had a striking effect on the human colonic mast cells, producing more than 50% inhibition at concentrations of 0.1-1 nM, but was much less active against the rat cells.
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This record was last updated on 07/02/2016 and may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from NLM.
The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7976805