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Effects of extracellular calcium and sodium on depolarization-induced automaticity in guinea pig papillary muscle.

Authors
  • Katzung, B G
Type
Published Article
Journal
Circulation research
Publication Date
Jul 01, 1975
Volume
37
Issue
1
Pages
118–127
Identifiers
PMID: 1149182
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Regenerative discharge of action potentials is induced in mammalian papillary muscles by passage of small depolarizing currents. In this paper, the effects of various extracellular calcium and sodium concentrations and of tetrodotoxin on this phenomenon were studied in guinea pig papillary muscles in a sucrose gap chamber. Phase 4 diastolic depolarization was found to be associated with an increase in membrane resistance. The slope of phase 4 depolarization was decreased by reductions in extracellular calcium or sodium concentration. The range of maximum diastolic potentials and the thresholds from which regenerative potentials arose were reduced, especially at the positive limit of potentials, by a reduction in either ion. It was concluded that both calcium and sodium influence diastolic depolarization and participate in the regenerative action potentials of depolarization-induced ventricular automaticity.

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