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Effects of Exercise in Addition to a Family-Based Lifestyle Intervention Program on Hepatic Fat in Children With Overweight.

Authors
  • Labayen, Idoia1
  • Medrano, María2
  • Arenaza, Lide2
  • Maíz, Edurne3
  • Osés, Maddi2
  • Martínez-Vizcaíno, Vicente4, 5
  • Ruiz, Jonatan R6
  • Ortega, Francisco B6
  • 1 Institute for Innovation & Sustainable Development in the Food Chain (IS-FOOD), Public University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain [email protected] , (Spain)
  • 2 Institute for Innovation & Sustainable Development in the Food Chain (IS-FOOD), Public University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 3 University of the Basque Country, Donostia, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 4 Health and Social Research Center, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Cuenca, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 5 Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Talca, Chile. , (Chile)
  • 6 PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" Research Group, Department of Physical and Sports Education, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. , (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Diabetes care
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2020
Volume
43
Issue
2
Pages
306–313
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2337/dc19-0351
PMID: 31227585
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Pediatric hepatic steatosis is highly prevalent and closely related to type 2 diabetes. This study aimed to determine whether the addition of supervised exercise to a family-based lifestyle and psycho-educational intervention results in greater reduction of percentage of hepatic fat (HF), adiposity, and cardiometabolic risk factors in children with overweight/obesity. The study subjects of this nonrandomized, two-arm, parallel design clinical trial were 116 overweight/obese children (10.6 ± 1.1 years of age, 53.4% girls) living in Vitoria-Gasteiz (Spain). For 22 weeks, they followed either a lifestyle and psycho-education program (control intervention [CInt], N = 57), consisting of two family-based education sessions/month, or the same plus supervised exercise (intensive intervention [II], N = 59) focused mainly on high-intensity aerobic workouts (3 sessions/week, 90 min/session). The primary outcome was the change in percentage of HF (as measured by MRI) between baseline and the end of the intervention period. Secondary outcomes included changes in BMI, fat mass index (FMI), abdominal fat (measured by DEXA), blood pressure, triglycerides, HDL, LDL, γ-glutamyl transferase, glucose, and insulin concentrations. A total of 102 children completed the trial (N = 53 and N = 49 in the CInt and II groups, respectively). Percentage of HF decreased only in the II group (-1.20 ± 0.31% vs. 0.04 ± 0.30%, II and CInt groups, respectively), regardless of baseline value and any change in adiposity (P < 0.01). BMI, FMI, abdominal fat (P ≤ 0.001), and insulin (P < 0.05) were reduced in both groups. Multicomponent intervention programs that include exercise training may help to reduce adiposity, insulin resistance, and hepatic steatosis in overweight/obese children. © 2019 by the American Diabetes Association.

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