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The effects of an enhanced environment on nursing home residents who pace.

Authors
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J1
  • Werner, P
  • 1 Research Institute of Hebrew Home of Greater Washington, Rockville, MD 20852, USA. cohen-mans[email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Gerontologist
Publication Date
April 1998
Volume
38
Issue
2
Pages
199–208
Identifiers
PMID: 9573664
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study sought to enhance the well-being of older nursing home residents who pace and wander by enriching their nursing home environment. Visual, auditory, and olfactory stimuli were added to the nursing home unit environment to simulate two types of environments: a home environment and an outdoor nature environment. Participants seemed to prefer the enhanced environments by choosing to spend more time in them, and by sitting on benches in those environments. There was a trend toward less trespassing, exit-seeking, and other agitated behaviors being exhibited in the enhanced environment, and residents were observed to manifest more pleasure in it. Staff members and family members definitely expressed a preference for the enhanced environment over the regular one. Although effects on residents were limited, this approach offers a low-cost method for making the nursing home environment a better place for those residents.

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