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Effects of Endothelin-related Gene Polymorphisms and Aerobic Exercise Habit on Age-Related Arterial Stiffening: A 10-year Longitudinal Study.

Authors
  • Sugawara, Jun1
  • Tomoto, Tsubasa1
  • Noda, Naohiro1
  • Matsukura, Satoko1
  • Tsukagoshi, Kazuya1
  • Hayashi, Koichiro2
  • Hieda, Mutsuko3
  • Maeda, Seiji4
  • 1 1 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology.
  • 2 2 Kokugakuin University.
  • 3 3 Toyohashi University of Technology.
  • 4 4 University of Tsukuba.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Applied Physiology
Publisher
American Physiological Society
Publication Date
Nov 02, 2017
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00697.2017
PMID: 29097630
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Increased arterial stiffness has emerged as a strong predictor of future cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. The aim of this study was to elucidate influences of endothelin (ET)-related genetic polymorphisms and regular physical activity on age-related arterial stiffening through a 10-year longitudinal study. A decadal change in brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), an index of arterial stiffness, was evaluated retrospectively among 92 volunteers (63 ± 14yrs, 51 men). The targeted single-nucleotide polymorphisms were ET-A receptor SNP rs5333 (ET-A) and ET-B receptor SNP rs5351 (ET-B). Subjects with either ET-A TC or CC genotypes exhibited significantly greater increases in baPWV (+15.3 ± 11.7 and +16.6 ± 15.7%/dec, respectively) than ET-A TT genotype holders (+9.2 ± 9.0%/dec), while subjects with the ET-B GG genotype showed a significantly greater increase in baPWV (+17.7 ± 14.1%/dec) than other ET-B genotype holders (AA: +9.5 ± 10.0%/dec; AG: +11.2 ± 9.6%/dec). The combination of these ET-related genetic risks was associated with a 2.4 times greater decadal increase in baPWV compared with no genetic risk (+8.1 ± 8.4 vs. 19.5 ± 16.0%/dec). In contrast, individuals engaging in >15 METs·hours/week of aerobic exercise showed substantially smaller increases in baPWV (+5.0 ± 9.7%/dec) compared with their physically-inactive peers (≈+13%/dec). These differences remained significant after adjusting for confounding factors, including baseline baPWV and ET-related genotype risk. Our current longitudinal study found that ET-related gene polymorphisms contribute to diverse age-related changes in arterial stiffness, and that regular sufficient aerobic exercise attenuates the age-related arterial stiffening independently of ET-related gene polymorphisms.

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