The aim of the present study was to examine, evaluate and compare the effects of administered dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitors saxagliptin and sitagliptin on lipid status parameters and blood pressure in rats with streptozotocine induced diabetes mellitus type 2. Forty-eight Wistar albino rats were divided randomly into 4 groups: 1. group I: control healthy group; 2. group II: rats with diabetes mellitus type 2; 3. group III: rats with diabetes mellitus type 2+ treated with 0.6 mg/kg of sitagliptin; 4. group IV: rats with diabetes mellitus type 2 treated with 0.45 mg/kg of saxagliptin. The rats from experimental groups were fed with a high-fat diet for 4 weeks and after 6–8 h of starvation received one dose of streptozotocin (STZ) intraperitoneally (25 mg/kg body weight) to induce type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Animals with fasting glucose above 7 mmol/L and insulin over 6 mmol/L were included in the study as rats with T2DM. Upon completion of the experiments, the blood was collected from the anesthetized animals and serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TCH), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and low density lipoprotein (LDL) were measured using spectrophotometry and commercial kits. At the beginning of the study and the day before sacrificing animals, the blood pressure and heart rate were measured by a tail-cuff noninvasive method. DPP4 inhibitors, as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists, were associated with modest reductions in DBP, LDL-C, TCH, and TGL and significant improvement in HDL, SBP and HR.