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[Effects of different intramedullary stabilizing procedures of the femur on lung function in polytrauma].

Authors
  • Pape, H C
  • Regel, G
  • Dwenger, A
  • Krettek, C
  • Mehler, D
  • Sturm, J A
  • Tscherne, H
Type
Published Article
Journal
Der Unfallchirurg
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1992
Volume
95
Issue
12
Pages
634–640
Identifiers
PMID: 1287848
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We investigated the effects of primary (< 24 h) intramedullary femoral nailing on lung function and pulmonary hemodynamics in multiple trauma patients. The standard procedure following reaming of the medullary canal (AFN) was compared with a new procedure using a small, solid nail without prior reaming (UFN). Pulmonary hemodynamics were determined using a pulmonary artery catheter. Global lung function was assessed by means of the oxygenation ratio (PaO2/FiO2). Concentrations of elastase and the platelet count as a general parameter of the clinical course were determined from central venous blood during and 3 days after surgery. The lung function was stable in UFN patients (n = 6), but decreased significantly in AFN patients (n = 10) from 353 +/- 24 (PaO2/FiO2 preoperative) to 260 +/- 28 (PaO2/FiO2 postoperative) and did not improve until 48 h later. Pulmonary artery pressure (Pap) remained within normal limits in UFN patients, whereas in AFN patients Pap increased from 27.4 +/- 3 mm Hg (preoperative) to 37 +/- 3 mm Hg during reaming and did not normalize until 1 h after insertion of the nail. The platelet count remained unchanged in UFN patients and dropped in AFN patients from 143 +/- 25 x 1000 cells/ml blood (preoperative) to 87.5 +/- 15 x 1000 cells/ml blood 2 days after surgery. Our measurements did not show an increase in central venous triglycerides in the AFN group, probably because bone marrow does not become immediately soluble. There was no significant difference between the increase of elactase levels in the two groups. The femoral nailing procedure with reaming in multiple trauma patients involves a potential risk to the lung.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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