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The effects of dantrolene in the presence or absence of ryanodine receptor type 1 variants in individuals predisposed to malignant hyperthermia.

Authors
  • Noda, Yuko1
  • Mukaida, Keiko2
  • Miyoshi, Hirotsugu1
  • Nakamura, Ryuji1
  • Yasuda, Toshimichi1
  • Saeki, Noboru1
  • Nishino, Ichizo3
  • Tsutsumi, Yasuo M1
  • 1 Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Faculty of Medicine Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan. , (Japan)
  • 2 Department of Anaesthesiology, Hiroshimakenritu-Syougaisya Rehabilitation Centre, Hiroshima, Japan. , (Japan)
  • 3 Department of Neuromuscular Research, National Centre of Neurology and Psychiatry, National Centre Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Anaesthesia and intensive care
Publication Date
May 12, 2022
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0310057X211053644
PMID: 35549722
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Dantrolene is currently the only drug known to specifically treat malignant hyperthermia (MH) crises. Although dantrolene attenuates Ca2+ disorders by acting mainly on the ryanodine receptor type 1 (RYR1), some patients who manifest MH without RYR1 variants have also been successfully treated with dantrolene. Thus, dantrolene appears to have an inhibitory effect on patients with and without RYR1 variants. This study aimed to investigate whether the effects of dantrolene differed depending on the presence or absence of RYR1 variants using muscle cells from MH-predisposed individuals. The study participants were individuals diagnosed with MH predisposition by the Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release rate test. They were genetically tested and divided into two groups: with and without RYR1 variants. We investigated whether these two groups showed differences in the changes in the half-maximal effective concentration (EC50) for caffeine and the resting intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) before and after dantrolene administration. Dantrolene administration significantly increased the EC50 (P < 0.0001) and decreased the resting [Ca2+]i (P < 0.0001). The inhibitory effects of dantrolene and the presence of RYR1 variants showed no statistically significant interactions related to the EC50 (P = 0.59) and resting [Ca2+]i (P = 0.21). In conclusion, the presence or absence of RYR1 variants does not appear to influence the effect of dantrolene.

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