The experiments reported here attempted to examine in two groups of rats the effects on the taste preferences, food and fluid intake, energy balance and body weight gain of corticocerebellar lesions involving, primarily, the Lobulus VI (LVI) or the Lobulus Paramedianus (LP). The results showed that the lesions of LVI or LP did not affect the daily intake of total fluid and salty solution. The intake of sweet solution increased in both groups of lesioned rats, while the intake of deionized water and acid and bitter solutions decreased only in the LVI lesioned rats. Food intake decreased in the LVI-lesioned rats but not in the LP-lesioned animals. Body weight gain, efficiency of food utilization, caloric intake and body surface gain decreased in both groups. It seems therefore that the cerebellar cortex, which probably receives taste fibers, somehow influences taste preferences and water intake, and that it may be involved in the mechanisms of food intake, its utilization and body energy balance.