This study reports an investigation of the canine arachnoid membrane using the scanning electronmicroscope (SEM) regarding the effects of contrast material on these structures. In the normal arachnoid membrane, two basic surface patterns were observed; one fenestrated and the other embossed with parallel fibers. Ventriculography was performed on 30 mongrel dogs divided into five groups: control, air, iophendylate, meglumine iothalamate, and Metrizamide. SEM study of the arachnoid membrane from basal cisterns showed no change after air ventriculography. After contrast agents were used, macrophages appeared and fenestrations became closed with fibrin-like substance.