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Effects of contraction mode and stimulation frequency on electrical stimulation-induced skeletal muscle hypertrophy.

Authors
  • Ashida, Yuki1
  • Himori, Koichi1
  • Tatebayashi, Daisuke1
  • Yamada, Ryotaro1
  • Ogasawara, Riki2
  • Yamada, Takashi1
  • 1 Graduate School of Health Sciences, Sapporo Medical University , Sapporo , Japan. , (Japan)
  • 2 Department of Life Science and Applied Chemistry, Nagoya Institute of Technology , Nagoya , Japan. , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Applied Physiology
Publisher
American Physiological Society
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2018
Volume
124
Issue
2
Pages
341–348
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00708.2017
PMID: 29074713
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

We compared the skeletal muscle hypertrophy resulting from isometric (Iso) or eccentric (Ecc) electrical stimulation (ES) training with different stimulation frequencies. Male Wistar rats were assigned to the Iso and Ecc groups. These were divided into three further subgroups that were stimulated at 10 Hz (Iso-10 and Ecc-10), 30 Hz (Iso-30 and Ecc-30), or 100 Hz (Iso-100 and Ecc-100). In experiment 1, the left plantarflexor muscles were stimulated every other day for 3 wk. In experiment 2, mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling was investigated 6 h after one bout of ES. The contralateral right muscle served as a control (non-ES). Ecc contractions comprised forced dorsiflexion combined with ES. The peak torque and torque-time integral during ES were higher in the Ecc group than that in the Iso group in all stimulation frequencies examined. The gastrocnemius muscle weight normalized to body weight in ES side was increased compared with the non-ES side by 6, 7, and 17% in the Ecc-30, Iso-100, and Ecc-100 groups, respectively, with a greater gain in Ecc-100 than the Ecc-30 and Iso-100 groups. The p70S6K (Thr389) phosphorylation level was higher in the Ecc-30 and -100 than in the Iso-30 and -100 groups, respectively. The peak torque and torque-time integral were highly correlated with the magnitude of increase in muscle mass and the phosphorylation of p70S6K. These data suggest that ES-induced muscle hypertrophy and mTORC1 activity are determined by loading intensity and volume during muscle contraction independent of the contraction mode. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Eccentric contraction and high-frequency stimulation (HFS) are regarded as an effective way to increase muscle mass by electrical stimulation (ES) training. However, little is known about whether muscle hypertrophy is affected by contraction mode and stimulation frequency in ES training. Here, we provide the evidence that muscle hypertrophy and mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 activity are determined by mechanical loading during contraction but not on the contraction mode itself, with a greater gain at HFS.

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