The propagation of lambda phages carrying long perfect palindromes has been compared with that of phages carrying imperfect palindromes with small regions of central asymmetry. The perfect palindromes confer a more deleterious phenotype than those with central asymmetry and the severity of the phenotype declines with the length of asymmetry in the range from O to 27 base pairs. These results argue that a center-dependent reaction is involved in the phenotypic effects of palindromic DNA sequences, consistent with the idea that cruciform extrusion occurs in vivo.
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The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8436264