This study determined the caponization effects on the immune responses in male chicks. Different forms of exogenous androgen implantation on male chick immunity were compared. Healthy, uniform male Single Comb White Leghorn chicks were caponized at 3 wk of age. Birds were housed in individual cages (35 x 30 x 40 cm, length x width x height). Each of 27 sham-operated (sham) and caponized (capon) male chickens were used for trial 1. Trial 2 used 60 capons divided into 4 treatments with implants of either 1 mm i.d. x 3 mm o.d. 58 mg of cholesterol, testosterone (TES), 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5alpha-DHT), or 19-nortestosterone (19-NorT). The exogenous androgen was implanted immediately after caponization and resupplied every 4 wk for an entire 13-wk feeding trial. The results from trial 1 showed that the relative bursa weight increased compared with the sham treatment (P < 0.05). The 2 wk post-Newcastle disease virus titer and the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) of 48 h post-phytohemagglutinin phosphate (PHA-P) injection were increased compared with the sham treatment (P < 0.05). In trial 2, implanted 5alpha-DHT and 19-NorT could decrease the relative bursa weight in capons (P < 0.05). The 2 wk post-Newcastle disease virus titer in the 5alpha-DHT group was higher than that in the cholesterol group (P < 0.05). The 19-NorT group had the highest (P < 0.05) PHA-P response. Peripheral blood lymphocyte subset population analysis revealed that the percentage of CD4 T cells in the TES group was lower (P < 0.05) compared with that of the 5alpha-DHT group. Differently, the percentage of CD8 T cells in the TES and 19-NorT groups was higher (P < 0.05) than that in the 5alpha-DHT group. Male chicks that were caponized had increased bursa weight and PHA-P response, whereas different forms of exogenous androgen implantation reverted the phenomena in an order of potency of 5alpha-DHT and 19-NorT > TES, and the PHA-P response was TES > 5alpha-DHT >19-NorT.