We have recently shown that 3-acetamidobenzamide (3-AAB), a highly effective inhibitor of ADP-ribosyl transferase (ADPRT), can act as a post-irradiation (electrons) sensitizer on the mouse lymphoma cell lines L5178Y R and S. We have now shown that this compound sensitizes human derived skin fibroblasts but to a lesser extent. Fibroblasts derived from normal, Friedreich's ataxia, and ataxia-telangiectasia individuals were equally sensitized by 3-AAB to electron radiation. 3-AAB was also effective in sensitizing the mouse lymphoma lines to fast neutron irradiation. In addition DNA strand break repair was retarded as had been found after electron irradiation. 3-Nitrobenzamide is structurally a potentially dual action radiation sensitizer with electron affinic and ADPRT inhibitory properties. It is a weaker inhibitor of ADPRT compared to 3-AAB, and results in a smaller sensitization of mouse lymphoma cells in air. However, a much greater sensitization is achieved in anoxia. This greater sensitization appears to be a synergistic rather than an additive combination of its electron affinic and ADPRT inhibitory properties.