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Effects of antioxidant 1-O-hexyl-2,3,5-trimethylhydroquinone or ascorbic acid on carcinogenesis induced by administration of aminopyrine and sodium nitrite in a rat multi-organ carcinogenesis model.

Authors
  • Yada, Hideaki1
  • Hirose, Masao
  • Tamano, Seiko
  • Kawabe, Mayumi
  • Sano, Masashi
  • Takahashi, Satoru
  • Futakuchi, Mitsuru
  • Miki, Tokutaro
  • Shirai, Tomoyuki
  • 1 Department of Experimental Oncology and Tumor Biology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Nagoya City University, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan. , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Japanese journal of cancer research : Gann
Publication Date
December 2002
Volume
93
Issue
12
Pages
1299–1307
Identifiers
PMID: 12495469
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The effect of antioxidant, 0.25% 1-O-hexyl-2,3,5-trimethylhydroquinone (HTHQ) or 0.25% ascorbic acid (AsA), on carcinogenesis induced by administration of 0.05% aminopyrine (AP) and 0.05% sodium nitrite (NaNO2), was examined using a rat multi-organ carcinogenesis model. Groups of twenty F344 male rats were treated sequentially with an initiation regimen of N-diethylnitrosamine, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea, N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine, N,N'-dimethylhydrazine and 2,2'-dihydroxy-di-n-propylnitrosamine during the first 4 weeks, followed by AP+NaNO2, AP+NaNO2+HTHQ, AP+NaNO2+AsA, NaNO2+HTHQ, NaNO2+AsA, each of the individual chemicals alone or basal diet and tap water as a control. All surviving animals were killed at week 28, and major organs were examined histopathologically for development of preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions. In the AP+NaNO2 group, the incidences of hepatocellular adenomas and hemangiosarcomas were 95% and 35%, respectively. When HTHQ or AsA was simultaneously administered, the incidences decreased to 58% and 11%, or to 80% and 15%, respectively. On the other hand, in the AP+NaNO2 group and the NaNO2-alone group, when HTHQ, but not AsA, was simultaneously administered, the incidence of carcinomas in the forestomach significantly increased. The results suggest that HTHQ can prevent tumor production induced by AP and NaNO2 more effectively than AsA. On the other hand, an enhancing or possible carcinogenic effect of simultaneous administration of HTHQ and NaNO2 only on the forestomach is suggested, while simultaneous treatment with the same dose of AsA and NaNO2 may not be carcinogenic to the forestomach or other organs.

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