Affordable Access

Effects of alpha calcitonin gene-related peptide in human bronchial smooth muscle and pulmonary artery.

Authors
  • Springer, Jochen
  • Amadesi, Silvia
  • Trevisani, Marcello
  • Harrison, Selena
  • Dinh, Q Thai
  • McGregor, Gerald P
  • Fischer, Axel
  • Geppetti, Pierangelo
  • Groneberg, David A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Regulatory Peptides
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
May 15, 2004
Volume
118
Issue
3
Pages
127–134
Identifiers
PMID: 15003828
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Although airway and pulmonary vessel tone are regulated predominantly by cholinergic and adrenergic impulses, biologically active peptides such as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) may significantly influence human smooth muscle tone in normal and pathophysiological states. In the present study, the expression of CGRP and its receptor CGRPR-1 and the biological effect of the peptide were investigated in human airways and pulmonary arteries. Immunohistochemistry revealed the presence of CGRP in human airway nerves and neuro-epithelial cells, whereas the receptor was found in epithelial cells and smooth muscle myocytes of the bronchi and in pulmonary artery endothelium. On precontracted bronchi (3-4 mm in diameter) alpha-CGRP (0.01-10 nM) caused a concentration-dependent contraction on epithelium-denuded bronchi, whereas no significant effect was recorded in bronchi with intact epithelium. In pulmonary arteries (2-6 mm in diameter), alpha-CGRP caused a concentration-dependent relaxation of endothelium intact and denuded vessels. Pre-treatment with indomethacin, but not with l-NAME, prevented the relaxation induced by alpha-CGRP in pulmonary arteries suggesting that prostaglandins but not nitric oxide (NO) are involved in the intracellular signal transduction pathway. The effects induced by alpha-CGRP in bronchi and vessels were prevented by application of the antagonist CGRP((8-37)). In summary, the present studies examined the biological function of CGRP in human airways and demonstrated a constrictory effect of CGRP only in epithelium-denuded airway smooth muscle indicating an alteration of CGRP airway effects in respiratory tract pathological states with damaged epithelium such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or bronchial asthma.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times