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Effects of aging on priming and skill learning.

Authors
  • Hashtroudi, S
  • Chrosniak, L D
  • Schwartz, B L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Psychology and aging
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1991
Volume
6
Issue
4
Pages
605–615
Identifiers
PMID: 1777149
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study examined the effects of aging on 2 kinds of implicit memory; repetition priming and skill learning. In Experiment 1, older adults showed less improvement in the skill of reading inverted words than did young adults, but priming performance did not differ for the 2 age groups. Similarly, in Experiment 2, in a partial-word identification task, skill learning was observed only for young adults, whereas there was no age difference in priming. Experiments 1a and 2a, however, showed that when older adults were presented with more perceptual information than were young adults, the age deficit in skill learning was eliminated. These results indicate that skill learning is impaired under data-limited conditions, whereas priming is unaffected under these conditions. It is proposed that the age deficit in skill learning is related to a deficit in perceptual organization and reorganization.

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