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Effects of acute and long-term beta-adrenoceptor blockade with propranolol on haemodynamics, plasma catecholamines and renin in essential hypertension.

Authors
  • van Baak, M A
  • Kho, T L
  • Thijssen, H
  • Rahn, K H
Type
Published Article
Journal
European journal of clinical pharmacology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1982
Volume
23
Issue
5
Pages
377–382
Identifiers
PMID: 6759143
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The effect of an acute intravenous and repeated oral doses of propranolol on haemodynamics, plasma and urinary catecholamines and plasma renin activity was studied in patients with essential hypertension. Intravenous injection of propranolol 5 mg produced a fall in cardiac output but had no consistent effect on blood pressure. Treatment with oral propranolol for 24 weeks lowered cardiac output and blood pressure; total peripheral resistance did not differ from the pretreatment values. Neither acute intravenous nor chronic oral administration of the beta-blocker affected the resting plasma levels of noradrenaline and adrenaline. Long-term treatment with propranolol reduced urinary excretion of vanilmandelic acid without affecting urinary catecholamine excretion. Acute intravenous injection of propranolol decreased plasma renin activity less than did chronic oral treatment with the drug. The observed time course of plasma renin activity was compatible with the view that suppression of this enzyme contributed to the antihypertensive effect of propranolol.

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