AbstractUsing the templates preliminarily made by 3D design and prototyping methods, defects in the lateral area of the lower jaw of sheep were created using the piezosurgical technique. The defects were replaced by plastic implants obtained by the method of layer-by-layer fusion of the FDM printing–fusing deposition modeling and fixation with titanium screws to the jaw body. In the time interval, plastic implants are replaced by titanium implants obtained by selective laser sintering (SLS) using a 3D printer. To study the processes of reparative osteogenesis, microsamples of tissues of the preimplantation zone were analyzed. As a result, signs of osteo- and fibro-osseointegration were identified. The obtained data are regarded as a prerequisite for further clinical trials of the developed protocols for the sequential replacement of jaw defects using 3D printing.