We analyzed the effect of high flow-volume intermittent hemodiafiltration (HF-IHDF) on patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing procedures requiring administration of contrast medium. There is no effective method for preventing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), especially in patients with advanced CKD. We established HF-IHDF as a renal protective therapy with a filtration flow rate up to 5 times greater than standard continuous HDF. In this study, we tested whether HF-IHDF could prevent CIN in patients with advanced CKD more effectively than saline hydration only. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence of CIN and clinical outcomes up to 1 year after performance of a procedure in 76 patients with advanced CKD. HF-IHDF was performed from just before the procedure until 2.5 hr after it. Hydration with 0.9% saline was also administered. The incidence of CIN was significantly lower in the HF-IHDF group than the saline group 2-3 days (0%, 0/76 patients vs. 9.3%, 5/54 patients; p < .05) and 1 month (3.9%, 3/76 patients vs. 14.8%, 8/54 patients; p < .05) after intervention. No difference between the two groups was detected in the proportion of patients requiring permanent hemodialysis within 1 year after intervention or the 1 year mortality rate. However, the number of patients free from progression of renal dysfunction after 1 year of follow-up was significantly higher in the HF-IHDF group (86.8%, 66/76 patients vs. 64.8%, 35/54 patients; p < .01). HF-IHDF during and after interventional procedure requiring administration of contrast medium may prevent CIN in patients with advanced CKD. © 2019 The Authors. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.