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Effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on intracellular pH in a bile duct epithelium-like cell line.

Authors
  • Strazzabosco, M
  • Poci, C
  • Spirlí, C
  • Sartori, L
  • Knuth, A
  • Crepaldi, G
Type
Published Article
Journal
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1994
Volume
19
Issue
1
Pages
145–154
Identifiers
PMID: 8276351
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Recent studies in perfused livers and isolated hepatocytes indicate that ursodeoxycholic acid-induced HCO3-rich hypercholeresis originates at the ductule/duct level. The bile duct epithelium may be involved in bile alkalinization by passively reabsorbing the protonated unconjugated ursodeoxycholic acid, by directly secreting in response to an ursodeoxycholic acid-induced increase in acid/base transporter activity or by taking up UDCA- in exchange for a base equivalent. To investigate these processes in more detail, we studied the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid on intracellular pH in SK-ChA-1, a well-differentiated human cholangiocarcinoma cell line similar to bile duct epithelium in terms of intracellular pH regulatory mechanisms and morphological markers. Intracellular pH changes were monitored with a microfluorimetric setup using the fluorescent indicator 2'-7'-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5,6,carboxy fluorescein. Administration of 50 to 1,000 mumol/L UDCA in the absence of HCO3 caused dose-dependent intracellular acidification (intracellular pH = -0.13 +/- 0.03 pH/U after 500 mumol/L ursodeoxycholic acid). Acidification was not prevented by preincubation of cells with 0.5 mmol/L 4,4-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2,-disulfonic acid (DIDS) for 30 min or by furosemide administration (1 mmol/L), thus ruling out the stimulation of Cl/HCO3 exchange or the presence of an ursodeoxycholic acid/base exchange. Ursodeoxycholic acid also acidified human fibroblasts, a cell type with no transport capability for ursodeoxycholic acid. In addition, direct measurement of the activities of the three major acid/base transporters in Sk-ChA-1 cells (Na+/H+ exchange, sodium-dependent and sodium-independent Cl/HCO3 exchange) failed to show significative differences between cells treated with 500 mumol/L UDCA and controls.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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