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Effect of two length scales on the properties of MgB(2) for arbitrary applied magnetic field.

Authors
  • Karmakar, Madhuparna
  • Dey, Bishwajyoti
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
Publisher
IOP Publishing
Publication Date
May 26, 2010
Volume
22
Issue
20
Pages
205701–205701
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/22/20/205701
PMID: 21393710
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Experiments carried out on the intermetallic superconducting material MgB(2) have shown anomalous magnetic field dependence of upper critical field, small angle neutron scattering form factor, specific heat, critical current etc. Similarly, scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) experiments on vortex structures have shown unusually large vortex core size and two different magnetic and spatial field scales. Also, whereas the specific heat measurements and isotope shift experiments have shown Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer-like (BCS-like) behaviour, the temperature dependences of the penetration depth experiments have shown non-BCS-like behaviour. These anomalous behaviours have been attributed to the multiband superconductivity of this material and the nature of the local spatial behaviour of the magnetic induction and the order parameter components having two length scales. We report an analytical investigation of the effect of two length scales on the temperature and the applied magnetic field dependence of several properties of MgB(2), such as, the penetration depth, single vortex and vortex lattice structure, vortex core radius, reversible magnetization, critical current, small angle neutron scattering form factor and the shear modulus of the vortex lattice within the framework of two-order parameter Ginzburg-Landau theory. We solve the corresponding nonlinear Ginzburg-Landau equations numerically exactly using an iterative method for arbitrary applied field H(c1) < H < H(c2), the Ginzburg-Landau parameter and vortex lattice symmetry. This enables us to compute the local spatial behaviour of the magnetic induction and the order parameters accurately for arbitrary applied field and a wide range of temperature. Comparison of the analytical results with experiments on MgB(2) gives very good agreement.

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