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Effect of tocainide and quinidine on premature ventricular contractions.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics
Publication Date
Volume
28
Issue
4
Pages
431–435
Identifiers
PMID: 6773715
Source
Medline

Abstract

The efficacy on premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) of tocainide 600 mg three times daily and of quinidine sulfate 300 mg four times daily administered for 8 wk versus placebo administered for 6 wk was determined in 41 patients. Neither the subjects nor the interpreter of the Holter recordings knew which medication had been used. Adverse effects occurred in 14 of 22 patients (64%) on tocainide and in nine of 19 (47%) on quinidine. Adverse effects caused 13 of 22 patients (59%) on tocainide and six of 19 (32%) on quinidine to discontinue medication. Reduction of PVCs greater than or equal to 75% over placebo occurred in one of nine patients (11%) on tocainide and in six of 13 (46%) on quinidine. By Lown's classification, a reduction in one grade of PVCs occured in two of nine patients (22%) on tocainide and in eight of 13 (62%) on quinidine. Neither tocainide nor quinidine has a high incidence of efficacy and a low incidence of adverse effects but, in the doses used, quinidine was more effective, benefited a larger proportion of patients, and induced fewer adverse effects than tocainide.

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