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The effect of tissue expansion on the expression of collagen type I and type III mRNA in distinct areas of skin in the dog as an animal model.

Authors
  • Plenz, G
  • Löffler, A
  • Siegert, R
  • Weerda, H
  • Müller, P K
Type
Published Article
Journal
European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1998
Volume
255
Issue
9
Pages
473–477
Identifiers
PMID: 9833217
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

To evaluate the transcriptional response of skin to tissue expansion in the dog, the expression of procollagen alpha 1(I) mRNA and procollagen alpha 1(III) mRNA were analyzed by in situ hybridization. This expression was evaluated in distinct skin areas (subepidermal zone, dermis, capsular zone) after 4-85 days of expansion. Within the first 4 days of expansion expression of procollagen alpha 1(I) and alpha 1(III) mRNA was not affected in the subepidermal and dermal zone. Only a slightly elevated level of type III procollagen mRNA was demonstrated in tissue surrounding the implanted silicone expander. After 7 days of expansion an enhanced level of procollagen alpha 1(III) mRNA was observed in the dermis and capsular zone. A slightly enhanced type I collagen mRNA level occurred in all zones of the dermis that was even stronger in the capsular zone after 9 days of expansion. Concurrently, the number of transcriptionally active cells was significantly higher. Return to the basal level of procollagen alpha 1(I) mRNA was attained after 40 days. At this time a significant expression of procollagenase mRNA was observed. Procollagen III mRNA expression reached its basal level on day 85.

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