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The effect of therapeutic exercise and vegan diet on pain and quality of life in young female patients with chronic non-specific neck pain

Authors
  • Torlak, Mustafa S.1
  • Gonulalan, Gulsum2
  • Tufekci, Osman3
  • Nazli, Merve S.2
  • Atici, Emine4
  • 1 KTO Karatay University, Akabe Sq, Alaadin Kap St, 41, Karatay, Konya, Turkey , Konya (Turkey)
  • 2 Konya Medicana Hospital, Selcuklu, Konya, Turkey , Konya (Turkey)
  • 3 Konya Farabi Hospital, Selcuklu, Konya, Turkey , Konya (Turkey)
  • 4 İstanbul Okan University, Tuzla, İstanbul, Turkey , Tuzla (Turkey)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication Date
Jan 14, 2022
Volume
27
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s43161-021-00061-9
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Original Research Article
License
Green

Abstract

Background and purposeIn recent years, dietary practices have begun to be used in painful conditions. This study aimed to investigate the effect of a vegan diet and therapeutic exercise in patients with chronic non-specific neck pain.Materials and methodsA total of 45 young female patients with chronic non-specific neck pain, aged 18–25 years, participated in the study. Body mass index and body fat percentage were measured with bioelectrical impedance analysis. Pain severity was assessed using the Visual Analogue Scale, quality of life with the short form-36 scale, kinesiophobia with the Tampa scale of kinesiophobia and neck disability with the Neck Disability Index.ResultsThe pain severity reduced in the diet group and exercise group after treatment (p = 0.001). After treatment, Neck Disability Index score decreased in the diet group and exercise group (p = 0.001). Tampa scale of kinesiophobia score decreased in the diet group and exercise group (p = 0.001). The eight domains of the short form-36 scale score increased in the diet group and exercise group (p < 0.05). No difference was found in the body mass index and fat percentage in all groups before and after treatment (p˃ 0.05).ConclusionA vegan diet and therapeutic exercise are beneficial to patients with chronic non-specific neck pain in terms of pain severity and quality of life.

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