We intended to study the effect of swimming exercise on the brain, liver and heart malondialdehyde (MDA) levels which are the last product of oxidation, and to compare them with the brain, liver and heart MDA levels of controls. The experiments were carried out on 20 Wistar rats which were fed with a standard laboratory chow diet ad libitum. Rats were distributed in two groups, control group (n = 10) and exercise group (n = 10). The exercise group rats were exposed to swimming exercise for 30 minutes. After this animals in each group were sacrificed by decapitation, their brain, liver and heart tissues were quickly removed. MDA levels of the brain, liver and heart were determined according to the method in which MDA reacts with thiobarbituric acid. Results were evaluated by the Mann-Whitney U test. The liver and heart MDA levels in the exercise group were (29.59+/-6.73 and 10.49+/-1.90 nmol/g tissue, respectively) significantly higher than in the control group (21.78+/-3.46 and 8.86+/-1.25 nmol/g tissue, p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively). However, the brain MDA levels were similar in both groups (exercise group 19.37+/-5.50 nmol/g tissue and control group 16.58+/-2.44 nmol/g tissue; p=0.325). It is concluded that swimming exercise might cause oxidative stress.