The effect of sialoadenectomy (submandibular gland removal) for four weeks duration was studied in five C3H mice and four sham-operated controls. This preliminary experiment using small numbers of animals indicated that sperm production parameters were lowered in sialoadenectomized animals although there were no significant differences between the sialodenectomized and sham-operated group. In a second experiment using larger numbers of animals, significant differences in testicular weights, epididymal weights, and testis weights were noted. These parameters were reduced only 10-14% from control levels. Epididymal sperm head counts were reduced 10% after sialoadenectomy but the two groups were not significantly different (P less than 0.05). No difference in testicular histology was observed. The present report contrasts to that of Tsutsumi et al. (1986) who indicate that submandibular removal with subsequent depletion of epidermal growth factor (EGF), is extremely deleterious (40-55% decreases in spermatid and sperm content) to the progress spermatogenesis.