Affordable Access

The effect of steroids on lymphocyte profile in primary chronic glomerulonephritis. Empirical or tailored therapy?

Authors
  • Gluhovschi, Cristina
  • Gluhovschi, Gheorghe
  • Herman, Diana
  • Potencz, Elena
  • Trandafirescu, Virginia
  • Schiller, Adalbert
  • Petrica, Ligia
  • Velciov, Silvia
  • Bozdog, Gheorghe
  • Bob, Flaviu
  • Muntean, Calin
  • Vernic, Corina
  • Guset, Valentin
  • Cioca, Daniel
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Immunopharmacology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2007
Volume
7
Issue
9
Pages
1265–1270
Identifiers
PMID: 17630206
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Steroids are still the mainstay of therapy in primary chronic glomerulonephritis (PCGN), regardless of underlying disturbance or pathology. Moreover, relationship between known abnormalities and disease manifestation is stochastic, therefore treatment continues to be empirical. It is not known whether responsiveness is related to immune phenotype. We performed flowcytometric lymphocyte (Ly) phenotyping (CD19, CD3, CD3CD4, CD3CD8, CD56/16) on 16 patients (pts) (12M, 4F), mean age 37.6+/-13 years with primary chronic glomerulonephritis (PCGN): minimal change disease (MCD)--6 pts, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)--4 pts, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis--5 pts, mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis--1 pt, before and at 7 days of oral Prednisone 1 mg/kg/day (in 2 divided doses). Before steroids: 4/16 pts(25%) had elevated BP; 9/16(56.2) showed nephrotic proteinuria. Serum creatinine was >1.2 mg% in 6/16(37.5%). At 7 days WBC count increased (13,079.37+/-4966.4/microl vs. 8021.25+/-2077.4/microl; p=0.0007), Ly percentage (%) decreased (20.30+/-9% vs. 29.9+/-10.4%; p=0.0095), while absolute (abs.) Ly count remained unchanged. Both CD19 Ly% and CD19 Ly abs. count increased (16.13+/-6.5% vs. 9.52+/-3.7%; p=0.0015, and 410.012+/-29.7/microl vs. 223.56+/-123.8/microl; p=0.0077, respectively). NK (natural killer)% decreased (9.15+/-5.2% vs. 14.19+/-7.1%; p=0.0296). CD3, CD3CD4, CD3CD8 Ly subsets and CD4/CD8 ratio showed no change. Variation in proteinuria (2.88+/-2.1 g/24 h vs. 3.45+/-1.7 g/24 h; p=0.4) did not reach statistical significance (Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney). In 11 pts we performed an additional analysis at 1 month. Compared to levels before steroids, there was an increase in WBC, CD19 Ly% and CD19 Ly abs. count and a decrease in NK% and NK abs. count. Other Ly subsets and CD4/CD8 ratio remained unchanged. Variation in clinical parameters (proteinuria, serum Creatinine, BP) did not reach statistical significance. Changes in Ly profile precede changes in clinical parameters and thus are divergent. While our patients proved to be early non-responders, further studies to elucidate whether profile changes provide for response specification are warranted.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times